How AI is Used in Fraud Detection – Benefits & Risks

Decision Engines - How AI is Used in Fraud Detection

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been a game-changer in various fields, and fraud detection is no exception. Fraud detection powered by AI utilizes a range of advanced algorithms to effectively monitor and analyze incoming data. Its purpose? To swiftly identify and neutralize potential fraud threats before they can wreak havoc.

Unlike traditional fraud software, these algorithms aren’t fixed; they continuously evolve by learning from historical data. This adaptability empowers them to effectively counteract emerging threats, surpassing the capabilities of conventional solutions.

Let’s take a closer look at how AI is used in fraud detection, including its benefits and risks.

How AI Works in Fraud Detection

Artificial Intelligence (AI) operates in fraud detection by utilizing a set of algorithms that systematically scrutinizes incoming data, effectively deterring fraudulent activity before it occurs. AI’s capacity to learn from past data and adapt its rules accordingly enables it to tackle unforeseen threats – a feat that traditional fraud software falls short of.

One striking feature of AI is its dynamism. It tirelessly works towards lowering the instances of false positives, which are cases when genuine users are erroneously flagged and blocked due to stringent fraud prevention rules. AI achieves this by continually boosting the accuracy of its rules.

AI doubles down on efficiency by maintaining operational speeds that do not impact the user experience negatively. Top-notch AI cybersecurity solutions like Decision Engines are lightweight and don’t hamper the performance of your applications. Decision Engines harness the power of AI coupled with machine learning (ML) to deliver unparalleled protection.

Decision Engines - How AI is Used in Fraud Detection

Common Types of Fraud AI Can Detect

AI has proven proficient in detecting various types of fraud, thanks to its ability to analyze vast amounts of data and discern patterns. Among these fraud types, some are more prevalent than others:

Card Fraud

Fraudsters do not manually crack cards. Instead, they employ bots to execute brute force attacks, which can severely strain payment gateways. Card fraud is exceedingly common, with forecasters predicting that the global value of fraudulent transactions will escalate to $38.5 billion in 2027, up from $32.04 billion in 2021. AI can detect this type of fraud as it does not exclusively rely on IPs and IP reputation to counter incoming threats. Instead, it monitors user behavior to differentiate bots from human users, block malicious bots, and in rare uncertain cases, presents the user with a CAPTCHA.

Fake Account Creation

Automated bots can create fake accounts at an alarming rate, skewing product reviews, spreading false information, distributing malware, and ruining your analytics. With AI, you can track multiple variables to block bad bots without altering the account creation process and increasing friction for genuine users.

Account Takeover (ATO)

A close relative of fake account creation, ATOs involve fraudsters compromising genuine users’ accounts. In 2021, 55% of e-commerce merchants reported an increase in ATO attacks. These attacks can cause reputational damage to your company as they directly target users and their personal data. AI is capable of intercepting the subtle hints bots drop when they’re about to seize control of an account, providing an unobtrusive means to prevent ATOs.

Credential Stuffing

In credential stuffing, a bot tries to input common usernames and passwords into your login page, sometimes partially sourced from previous data breaches. Combined with simple or reused passwords, fraudsters can surprisingly gain access to a high number of user accounts, leading to ATOs and carding. AI can detect unusual website traffic patterns, higher-than-usual login failure rates, and other variables to determine if your site is under a credential stuffing attack.

Benefits of Using AI in Fraud Detection

AI technology offers several significant advantages in the realm of fraud detection. Key benefits include:

Real-time detection

One of the greatest advantages of AI is its ability to process incoming data and block new threats in real-time, often within milliseconds. This prompt response is crucial in fraud prevention, contributing to high-level security due to the dynamism and speed of AI operations.

Grows Better Over Time

AI improves its predictive capabilities over time, with enhanced performance directly proportional to the volume of data fed to it. Instances of AI share knowledge amongst themselves, enhancing the collective intelligence of the network. For instance, when a DataDome AI instance detects a new threat pattern, it shares this information with all other DataDome AI instances globally, resulting in a system that effectively keeps learning and evolving.

Less Time Being Reactive

With AI taking over the helm of threat investigation and review, your employees can shift their focus from reactive measures to more strategic, forward-thinking projects that propel your business. The adoption of AI in fraud detection essentially frees up valuable time and resources.

Decision Engines - How AI is Used in Fraud Detection

Risks of Using AI in Fraud Detection

Despite the myriad benefits, AI’s use in fraud detection is not free from risks. Implementing AI in cybersecurity comes with its own set of challenges that need to be carefully addressed for effective and sustainable fraud prevention:

False Positives

Despite AI’s advanced algorithms and learning capabilities, there is still the chance of false positives, i.e., legitimate user activity being flagged as fraudulent. Such instances can disrupt the user experience and even lead to customer attrition if not handled promptly.

Data Privacy Concerns

Given that AI algorithms process vast amounts of data, there are inherent concerns about data privacy and protection. Organizations must ensure compliance with data protection regulations to maintain customer trust.

Dependence on Quality of Data

AI is heavily reliant on the quality of data for its learning process. Poor quality or biased data can lead to erroneous outputs, thereby reducing the efficacy of the AI in identifying and countering fraud.

Exploitation by Sophisticated Fraudsters

AI, like any technology, can also be exploited by fraudsters. With the rapidly increasing sophistication of cyber threats, there is the risk that fraudsters could use AI technologies themselves to devise advanced evasion tactics, leading to a constant cat-and-mouse game.

Cost and Complexity of Implementation

The cost and complexity of implementing an effective AI-based fraud detection system can also pose a significant challenge for smaller businesses without the necessary resources or expertise.

These risks underscore the importance of a balanced approach when integrating AI into fraud detection strategies. It’s crucial to continuously monitor and update AI systems while also maintaining a robust manual review process to ensure comprehensive protection against fraud.

Learn How Decision Engines Can Take Your Fraud Detection to the Next Level

Decision Engines are a powerful tool that can complement AI in fraud detection. By combining machine learning and human decision-making, decision engines can provide an additional layer of protection against emerging threats while minimizing false positives.

How Decision Engines Work

Decision Engines use predefined rules and data analysis to make decisions about transactions or interactions with potential fraud risks. They can be customized based on an organization’s specific needs, and their rules can be updated in real-time as new fraud patterns emerge.

Benefits of Decision Engines

Decision Engines offer several advantages for fraud detection, including:

  • Increased accuracy: By combining AI with human decision-making, decision engines improve the overall accuracy of fraud detection by reducing false positives.
  • Customization: Decision engines can be tailored to specific industries, business models, or fraud risks, making them more efficient and effective.
  • Real-time decision-making: Decision engines can make decisions in real-time, allowing for swift action against potential fraud threats.
  • Scalability: As businesses grow and evolve, decision engines can scale accordingly to handle increased transaction volumes and new fraud patterns.


AI has revolutionized fraud detection with its advanced capabilities and real-time responsiveness. While there are risks involved, the benefits far outweigh them, making AI a crucial tool in the fight against fraud.

At Decision Engines, we are committed to safeguarding your business against the multifaceted fraud threats outlined in this document. Our robust, AI-driven solutions are designed to adapt and evolve with the landscape of fraud, ensuring you stay one step ahead of would-be attackers. We understand that seeing is believing, which is why we are offering a chance to experience our cutting-edge solutions firsthand.

We invite you to start a free 30-day trial today — no credit card necessary. Embark on this journey with us and witness the transformative power of AI in fraud detection.

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